Effective PyCharm (2021 edition) Transcripts
Chapter: The Editor
Lecture: Object-oriented features

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0:00 Python is a great language, it has super support for object oriented programming but it's
0:04 not always required when you are using object only the programming though.
0:09 It's really cool that PyCharm has fantastic support for understanding the entire type.
0:15 archy sometimes this is super obvious because it's just one file like we have here with
0:20 a creature, wizard, small animal and dragon.
0:23 But imagine we broke this apart.
0:25 We have a file that contains the wizard and maybe one that contains a small animal
0:29 and another one that contains different types of dragons.
0:32 All of a sudden what piece applies where not super clear.
0:36 We've got our creature based class and we were wizard and our small animal in our
0:40 dragon, you can see the wizard adds an attack function but doesn't override anything.
0:46 The small animal actually changes what get defensive role which it inherited from creature means.
0:53 And the dragon also changed get defensive role,
0:57 you can see all these little owes with up arrows and down arrows.
1:02 These down arrows are meaning it's overridden and the red up arrows mean it's overriding in
1:10 this location. So creature is overriding the Dunder wrapper special method.
1:14 The small animal is overriding get defensive role.
1:18 That's good information right? It's good to have these here like oh this is actually
1:21 you know, we don't have virtual and override as keywords in python but you can
1:25 kind of see that that's happening here but there's more to it if we actually hover
1:29 over them on the left here,
1:31 we hover over this, it'll say we're overriding This is the repr one can't really
1:36 see it, can you says this overrides the repr method in object over here,
1:42 if we hover over the dragon's get defensive role,
1:45 it says it overrides the method in the creature class and if we go to the
1:50 creature class we get something even cooler.
1:53 It says this method, get defensive role is being overridden by two things that derive
1:59 from you small animal and dragon.
2:02 So in this sense, these things are very helpful about knowing how these pieces are
2:06 working together. What thing is replacing the behavior of a base class,
2:10 What thing is actually changing what it's getting from the particular class,
2:15 you're focused on an example of a creature,
2:17 the small animals, changing what that means.
2:18 So be aware that as you work on it and if you actually click on it
2:23 I give you click where it says override Method,
2:25 an object, it'll jump you over to the base class.
2:29 Dunder repr in this case here is where that code lives.
2:32 And in the Dunder reprs actually implemented in c python.
2:35 So you just get this stub thing,
2:37 the built ins. But nonetheless,
2:40 as we click around on those little spots, we actually navigate from base class, derive class so,on.