Write Pythonic Code Like a Seasoned Developer Transcripts
Chapter: Modules and Packages
Lecture: Isolation with virtual environments
0:01 Let's talk about isolating your dependencies and your versions for your external packages, from all the other Python projects on your OS.
0:10 Here we are in the terminal, and I am in this directory here that I have a bunch of Python environments,
0:15 and I'd like to create a new Python installation basically, for a new web app I am going to work on, or any kind of app, really,
0:24 I'd like to be able to control the version of Python is there as well as the packages that are installed
0:29 and their versions independent from everything else on my system. So I can use virtual environments for this, in Python 3, we have a "venv" command
0:38 and we can also use the virtual environment's external package, we can also use the virtual environment's external package,
0:44 which works with all versions of Python. So I'll go and use that here but they work exactly the same.
0:49 So I want to create a directory here that's going to contain my Python environment
0:53 so I'll say "virtual"- let's make sure we have the right one first, "virtualenv", OK, this is going to be the one for Python 3.5, so good,
1:02 so I'm going to say this, and I'm going to give it a folder, let's just say sample_web_env, so we know it's an environment, not the web app itself.
1:13 Spelling is hard, so we can see it's created a version of Python here based on Python 3.5
1:22 and installed the necessary tools, basically that we need to add more packages.
1:26 So, now if I say "which pip", it doesn't yet have this environment active, the creation of the environment doesn't activate it,
1:35 so the next thing we need to do is say dot(.), so the first dot(.) means apply this to this shell rather than a separate one for the execution,
1:42 and we'll go in the "sample... bin activate", we run this, now our prompt changes and more importantly,
1:48 if we ask the same question - "which pip" - now it's this one, if we ask "which Python", it's this one.
1:55 OK, so we're ready to use that, let's say pip list to see what we have installed, we just have those 3 that were installed there so we could go install
2:02 something like I could say "pip install requests", and it's gone and downloaded, now if I ask what's installed, I just have this.
2:14 So I can have version 2.10.0 of request regardless of whatever else is installed, upgraded, downgraded, in the rest of my OS.
2:22 All right, let's go and upgrade pip. OK, so here is our sample environment, we'll be using this in the next section.