Python Memory Management and Tips Transcripts
Chapter: Investigating memory usage
Lecture: Profiling in PyCharm
0:00 Well, let's start our exploration.
0:02 Jump over here into PyCharm,
0:03 and we're gonna use the tools we have at hand.
0:07 There's some profiling built right into PyCharm and you'll see that we're gonna need to
0:11 switch to some other stuff that's better eventually,
0:13 but let's see what we got right here.
0:15 Now, first of all, I want to take this function pattern clinging to memory
0:20 thing that we did before. I'm gonna just use that,
0:22 we're gonna explore that. We're gonna take this and just copy it down into chapter nine
0:28 and we'll call it "app_to_profile" or something like that.
0:34 Now, over here, we're doing a couple of things that we're not gonna need
0:36 anymore. We don't want to have that size utility,
0:41 right? We don't want to do this stuff because we're not writing out the
0:45 code, not right out the memory usage, based on process load or whatever we're calling
0:50 it there, amount of memory used by the process.
0:52 Instead, we're actually gonna look directly at it,
0:57 using the tools. So let's go down here,
1:02 clean this all up. And also, we only want our "greedy_main", not our other main, so
1:09 we'll just delete that one.
1:12 Alright, I could have done that before,
1:13 but I kind of wanted to show you, we're just going to take that one,
1:16 and just remove the reporting that we had built into it.
1:19 And now what I want to do is I want to first set this to run,
1:23 so I can use my hotkeys on it,
1:26 and yep, it still works. But no more reporting,
1:28 right? Well, let's go and profile it.
1:32 Notice there's a bunch of buttons up here.
1:33 This one's run and this one's debug.
1:35 Debug is fantastic. But this one is the one we're looking for.
1:40 We could profile it, so let's get some profiler information here.
1:45 Alright, sweet. Look,
1:46 you can see where we're spending a lot of time,
1:48 a lot of time on randrange, randint, some list
1:51 comprehensions and so on. But that's not the best view.
1:55 Let's go zoom in over here and look at this.
1:57 We got lucky and zoomed right into the part that we wanted. Over here,
2:03 you can see that our script is running, it's calling main, it's calling scale_data, load_data,
2:09 and filter_data. And load_data,
2:11 well is taking the longest, right? It's taking two seconds.
2:14 What about the memory usage? Hmm,
2:18 nothing about the memory usage,
2:19 unfortunately. So this is only computational time,
2:23 Nothing to do with memory, right?
2:25 And a lot of the profiling tools,
2:27 are like that. They'll profile CPU time,
2:29 but they won't profile the actual memory allocation that happens to be going on.
2:34 So this is cool, and it's really neat to see that filter_data and scale_
2:38 data were much faster than load_data.
2:42 But those other two, they do happen to use a lot of memory.
2:45 We're gonna put this aside and say this is a great understanding of how our code
2:49 is running in terms of time,
2:51 but we want to understand it in terms of memory.
2:53 So we're gonna pull in some different tools to make that happen.