Python for Entrepreneurs Transcripts
Chapter: Appendix: Python language concepts
Lecture: Concept: Complex conditionals

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0:02 Sometimes within a control structure like if or while loops, things like that,
0:05 we need to have complex tests
0:07 tests against more than one variable and negations, things like that.
0:10 So, here is a pretty comprehensive example of testing for both multiple values
0:15 as well as taking over the precedence by using parenthesis and negation using not.
0:20 many languages use symbols for this combination,
0:23 like the C-based languages use double ampersand for and,
0:27 and exclamation mark for not, those kinds of things.
0:30 Python is more verbose and uses the English words.
0:33 So here we are going to test for two conditions that both have to be True,
0:37 it's not the case that x is truthy so x has to be falsie, from the previous discussions,
0:43 so an empty sequence, None, zero, are False, something like that,
0:47 and the combination of one of two things- z is not equal to two or y itself is falsie.
0:53 So, using this as an example,
0:55 you should be able to come up with pretty comprehensive conditional statements.
0:59 Now, one final note is Python is a short circuiting conditional evaluation language,
1:04 for example, if x was True, the stuff to the right and the end would not be evaluated.
1:11 You might wonder why that matters, a lot of times it doesn't, in this case, nothing really would happen.
1:15 Sometimes you want to work with like sub values of an object,
1:19 so you might test that x is not None,
1:22 so you would say "if x and x.is_registered" or something like that.
1:26 Whereas if you just said x.is_registered, x was None,
1:29 your app of course would crash.