Python for Entrepreneurs Transcripts
Chapter: Build web apps with Pyramid: Applied web development
Lecture: Intro to applied web development
0:02 Are you excited? I know that I am.
0:05 We have reached the chapter where we dig in and really build our web application.
0:10 We are going to focus on all the stuff you need to build a data-driven web app
0:14 now that you have all the foundational stuff in place.
0:17 We are going to start with something called handlers. Pyramid handlers.
0:21 Now, these are not super well known features of Pyramid
0:25 or extension of Pyramid really is the way to think of it, it's a separate PyPi package.
0:30 But, they allow us to do simpler routing and more importantly,
0:35 they provide what I would consider universal access to core features.
0:40 If for some reason we want to be able to access the user in a certain way,
0:45 or a particular cookie, like an authentication cookie,
0:48 various places where we are processing the request,
0:51 remember in a real web app you have like a hundred,
0:53 two hundred methods that are actually handling these requests
0:56 talking to the database and doing things,
0:58 and the right level of separation is really important. Handlers facilitate that,
1:02 in a really interesting and powerful way, and they are quite easy to use,
1:05 I think you'll find them of nice addition.
1:08 We are also going to look more carefully at the Chameleon templates,
1:11 so we haven't done a whole lot with these templates other than sort of poke at them
1:15 and say that they exist, but we are really going to look at them
1:19 and use them to build a website. We are going to go and take real data
1:23 and pass it onto the templates and do interesting things with it.
1:26 We are also going to stop making copies of our website design
1:30 what we've done so far is we sort of copied pieces around
1:33 and poked it at saying "look we'll address this later",
1:36 we are now going to address this concept of a shared layout,
1:39 we are going to do this through a mechanism inside of Chameleon, called Macros
1:44 and you'll see that we have a single layout page that defines
1:47 basically a hole where the customized content goes for each particular view,
1:51 and then we are going to put all that stuff,
1:53 all the CSS all those sort of wrapper bits of the HTML in one page,
1:58 one template and share it across the whole thing.
2:00 So that means if we want to add a new page, it's super easy, we just fill in that hole,
2:04 if, more importantly, if we want to change the look and feel for our site,
2:08 we just do that in one place and every page in our site
2:11 automatically adapts to that common look and feel.
2:15 We are not going to do read-only data anymore,
2:17 we are now going to accept input from users, let them edit things,
2:20 this can be as simple as letting them log in
2:23 or letting them register to create an account,
2:25 but it could get more advanced with
2:28 some kind of backend admin section that we might build,
2:31 certainly to do things like input our albums into our web page,
2:35 we are going to need some kind of admin backend.
2:39 While passing pure dictionaries around is what is required by the template
2:43 and it's the way Pyramid works, it doesn't mean that that's what we should be doing,
2:48 we are going to introduce this concept of a view model
2:51 which is a richer, more intelligent class basically that is tied to the template
2:57 that it's being displayed in, has the validation rules and some of the data access rules
3:02 that we might need in this separate layer.
3:05 So, when we do this, the action methods, the ones that actually process the request,
3:09 their job will be much simpler and some of that validation
3:14 and the complexities of whatever problem we are trying to solve
3:17 will be moved over into this view model.
3:19 This will make it easier to maintain and validate our code,
3:22 but it will also make it easier to test our code
3:25 because we can work with the validation in these view models,
3:28 not just poking at fake web requests.
3:31 Speaking of validation, we'll see that the view models are an important player
3:37 in the server-side validation, which we are going to need
3:40 and we are also going to talk about adding client-side validation,
3:43 so that most of the time we don't even have to go back to the server,
3:46 users get immediate feedback saying what they need to do to properly fill out the form.
3:51 Alright, so that's what's on deck for the chapter,
3:53 I think you are really going to learn a lot
3:59 after we get through these topics.