Python for Entrepreneurs Transcripts
Chapter: Web design foundations
Lecture: CSS What's Not Covered

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0:02 Let's wrap up this section by saying what we haven't covered
0:05 and what we might still be covering in the future.
0:08 I tried to give you the essence of web design and the essence of CSS,
0:12 and style sheets and tweaking the HTML and those kinds of things.
0:15 But there is plenty of stuff we haven't covered and I'll let you know why.
0:19 So, things the that stand out in my mind
0:21 the highest, most important one, probably still remaining is this concept,
0:25 first of all the front-end frameworks like Bootstrap UI kit and so on.
0:28 And within them are things like grid layout.
0:31 So more than just displaying inline-block or "float: right",
0:34 you can do a ton of layout and design with the CSS grid definitions
0:39 that come not as part of CSS but as part of these frameworks,
0:43 so we are going to cover that later, when we get to the front-end frameworks.
0:46 Typography and fonts, there is a lot to getting the right fonts
0:51 that look good on all the screens, that look really readable
0:54 I talked a little bit about line height, there is also letter spacing
0:57 and variety of other things that play into this.
1:00 So, when we get to the front-end frameworks, we'll see
1:02 that they have a really good defaults for this kind of stuff,
1:05 and we'll talk a little more about this when we get there.
1:09 Tables, designing tables, laying out tables, we haven't talked about that
1:12 again, things like Bootstrap have a lot to say about this,
1:15 maybe we'll get to it but certainly the frameworks have a lot built in.
1:19 We haven't discussed that at all.
1:21 Themes are really important, there are places you can go
1:25 and grab something that is really close to what you would like to build
1:29 drop it into your Pyramid or any website really,
1:32 and make a few tweaks and then you have that as a starting point.
1:35 Remember, I said we are not starting like it's 1996,
1:38 now we have these front-end frameworks, we have these themes
1:41 so you start from a good place, and then you make it yours
1:44 rather than starting from basically upload zero.
1:47 Now, all those things that I mentioned so far,
1:50 we are absolutely going to cover later in the web design part too,
1:53 LESS and SASS, these are things that we are not going to cover
1:57 but it's worth pointing out
1:58 CSS is great, but for large sites it can become pretty unwieldy,
2:02 I worked on some sites where we had ten thousand lines of CSS
2:06 I mean it was a ridiculous amount of CSS, and when you get to that scale,
2:10 you want to do things that are sort of problematic,
2:13 like you would like to say here is the color we are using
2:16 for these types of use cases in this site,
2:19 and here is where I define it and it just applies everywhere.
2:22 Kind of like a global variable or some sort of global value
2:25 that is brought into the other areas.
2:27 You'd like to be able to partition your files into mini small files,
2:31 but then compile them back into one really easily for performance,
2:36 say when you go to production.
2:38 LESS and SASS have these features and more,
2:40 so it's high level programming language for CSS
2:44 that then you transpile or compile down to actual CSS.
2:48 If you go look at the Bootstrap source code,
2:51 it's built this way and you'll see it in a lot of places.
2:54 It's worth checking out but it's just, this is not a design class
2:57 I am just trying to get you guys going,
2:59 so something you might want to look into as you get farther down the road,
3:02 but we are not going to talk about in this class.
3:05 All right, with that, I think you are ready to go do some basic web design,
3:08 we are going to move on to more advanced web development topics,
3:12 later in the class we'll come back to this front-end frameworks,
3:15 but I hope you feel much more comfortable and capable around web design
3:18 than you did an hour ago when you started this chapter.