Move from Excel to Python with Pandas Transcripts
Chapter: Appendix: Python language concepts
Lecture: Concept: Calling functions

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0:01 Functions are reusable blocks of functionality.
0:04 And of course, they play an absolutely central role in Python.
0:07 Now, in Python we can have functions that are just stand alone, isolated functions,
0:11 and these are quite common,
0:13 or we can have functions bound to classes and objects
0:16 that bind together specific data about an object along with those behaviors,
0:21 we call those methods.
0:23 The way we define them, interact with them, is basically the same,
0:26 regardless whether they are functions or methods.
0:28 Here you can see we have a main method, we want to call it,
0:31 it takes no parameters, and returns nothing or nothing that we care about,
0:35 so we just say main open close parenthese, like so,
0:37 we can also call functions that take arguments,
0:40 here is a function called input, and it gathers input from the user, on the consoles,
0:44 it will give them a prompt, and this argument we are passing here is a string,
0:48 and this is the prompt to share to the user,
0:50 pauses the input on the console and waits for them to type something and hit enter,
0:54 when they do, the return value comes back
0:57 and is stored in this new variable called "saying".