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Move from Excel to Python with Pandas Transcripts

Chapter: Aggregating, grouping, and merging

Lecture: Pivot table and crosstab

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Here's some examples of how to use pivot table on cross tab. We're using the same notebook we use for a group by example.

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So we'll just show a couple examples of how to use a pivot table. The way the pivot table works is you defined the data frame that you want to

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work on, and then the index here, which is a company and then the columns or products so you can see we've got all of our products listed across here.

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The values are data that we actually want to do a mathematical function on. So here's the extended amount, and we tell it that we want to do the

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some. So add them all up and then we use margins equals true toe. Add this all, Ah, as a column and a row, one of the other functions we have.

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We can define a fill value here, which is useful. So instead of having the Entei ends here, it's now filled in with zero.

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I'm going to copy and paste this cause I want to go through some other examples of how to use the pivot table.

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So one of the things we can do is we can actually combine. So knows how each of these arguments is a list.

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So if we wanted Teoh, what we could do is actually do multiple math functions here. So if we want to do this some in the mean and the max

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we now get for each product we get the some of the books, the average extended amount for the book and so on for all the products.

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So this just shows how you have a lot of flexibility with this function and how

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you can use the different lists and the different aggregation functions that you can run to do. Ah, lot of complex analysis on your data very quickly.

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So let's do another example, since it's pretty long thing to type. So one of the things we can do is we don't necessarily have to pass in

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the columns, we put it here we get ah, similar sort of view. So we're just gonna do some. And now we can see for each product for each company,

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the product in the some, and you may be thinking this is very similar to Group I and IT ISS. But we can use the fill value in the margins

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equal true, to get a total. So the other shortcut function I want to talk about is the cross tab. So the function call is a little bit different here.

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So you just defined the two different columns that you want to perform the function on So in this case, I want to look at company and product,

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and what it's doing is it's counting how many occurrences there are for each of these

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combinations. So how many occurrences of books for this company pins, posters, etcetera? And for this specific data set,

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it's not terribly useful. One of the things we may want to do is actually some the values associated with each of these combinations,

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so we could tell what values to use. And we need to tell what to do with those values using ak funk again.

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So now we can tell what the total purchase amount was for each one of those and then the other useful argument is to pass normalize equals true,

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and this gives you a view on what percentage of the total amount of purchases in this case or extended amount is allocated to each one of these cells.

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So how many books and what percent of total is it for a bat's? We can also do columns. So then we can see that 1.7% for the books

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went to company a bots and 0.3% for Abu. So that's how you could do it at the columns level. And if you want to look at the index level,

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then we can see for a bots. Almost 60% of its persons were books, 36% were posters and the rest were pens.

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So this is just another example of how pandas has functions that, as you start to master them and get exposure to how to use them,

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you can easily iterated on your analysis and call different combinations of the functions to understand

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your data better and drive insights that you can use in your business.