MongoDB for Developers with Python Transcripts
Chapter: High-performance MongoDB
Lecture: Introducing performance-tuning in MongoDB
0:01 Now that you know how to work MongoDB, you know how to work its shell, what the query syntax is, you've seen PyMongo as well as MongoEngine,
0:08 it's time to turn our attention to tuning MongoDB to be the best database it can possibly be.
0:15 We're going to focus on how to make our regular MongoDB server a high performance MongoDB database
0:22 and you'll see there's no magic here, a lot of the things that you can do are relatively straightforward, and there's a systematic way to go about it.
0:30 I want to start this section by maybe putting a little perspective on it.
0:35 I want to start this section, this chapter, by putting a little perspective out there.
0:42 When people come to NoSql and they start looking for alternative databases often the allure of these databases is their performance
0:50 you hear about things like sharding, horizontally scaling them, some incredible performance numbers, things like that.
0:56 That may be what you really need, that may be the most important thing
0:59 and certainly if you don't have performance out of your database it's a big problem.
1:04 We're going to certainly figure out how to make our databases faster and the variety of techniques that we have available to us in MongoDB.
1:12 That said, your biggest problem probably isn't performance, you may have a big data problem, you may have terabytes or petabytes of data
1:20 but most applications don't. You may have a performance problem, it may be that you have so much data
1:27 or you are asking such complex queries that it really does take very precise tuning and scaling to make it work.
1:34 So we're going to focus on some of these types of things. That said, we all have a complexity problem with our application,
1:41 it's always a pain to maintain these databases especially when we're working with relational databases,
1:47 you hear about things like migrations and updating your schema adding, removing, transforming columns, all of this stuff is really complex
1:54 and it even makes deployment really, really challenging, you want to release a new version of something based on SQLAlchemy
2:00 but you need to change the database scheme before it will even run— okay, that sounds like it could be a little bit of a problem.
2:06 What you'll see with MongoDB and these document databases is one of their biggest benefits is the simplicity that they bring.
2:15 The document structure means there's fewer tables, there is much fewer connections between these tables,
2:22 so when you think about the trade-offs and performance and things like that keep in mind that probably the biggest benefit
2:28 that you are going to get from MongoDB is you are going to have simpler versioning, evolution, maintainability, development story.
2:34 I just want to put that out there, because I know sometimes people will say well, I got MongoDB to perform at this speed
2:41 and I cut this other database, and if I tweak it like this and adapt it like that
2:45 maybe I could get it to go a little faster, so maybe we should use that instead. And maybe, I don't know, it depends on the situation,
2:51 and this is very abstract, so it's hard to say, but keep in mind that one of the biggest things these document databases
2:56 bring to you to the table here, is this simplicity. It just so happens we can also make them really, really fast.
3:04 So simple and fast, sounds like a great combination, so let's get into this section where we are going to make MongoDB much faster.