Managing Python Dependencies Transcripts
Chapter: Managing Third-Party Dependencies With pip
Lecture: Installing & Updating pip
0:01 Before we continue, I want to make sure you actually have
0:04 a working pip install at this point, and that it's fully up to date.
0:07 So let's talk about installing pip if it's not already on your system
0:11 and then also how you can upgrade to the latest version of pip.
0:14 So all modern versions of Python 2 and Python 3
0:18 are going to include pip by default.
0:21 Now of course that doesn't really help you if the pip command doesn't work
0:24 in your system right now, so let's talk about what you can do
0:27 if pip is not available on your system yet.
0:31 The first option to get a working pip install on your system
0:34 would be to upgrade to a more modern version of Python
0:37 which is automatically going to include the latest version of pip.
0:40 Now, this would be my preferred option, but of course,
0:44 if you're working with older legacy versions of Python
0:47 and you have a bunch of code running on them already,
0:50 then that isn't really the best option.
0:53 So, option 2 would be to add pip to your existing Python install,
0:57 and that is definitely possible, I am going to show you how to do that now.
1:01 So in a nutshell, on Mac OS and Windows,
1:04 you would have to download a so called bootstrap script, called get-pip.py.
1:09 And you would download that through a browser
1:12 or through a command line tool like curl,
1:15 and once you've downloaded the get pip script,
1:18 you would run it with the Python interpreter.
1:21 So you would just go to the terminal and run something like python get-pip.py
1:25 and the get pip script would then automatically install
1:28 and set up pip on your system.
1:31 Now, on most versions of Linux,
1:34 especially if you're using a version based on Debian Linux like Ubuntu,
1:37 you would actually go through the system package manager to install pip.
1:41 To do that, you would first run a command like sudo apt update
1:45 to refresh your system's package manger and then you would follow up
1:49 with sudo apt install python-pip, and running that command
1:54 would add pip to your existing Python install.
1:57 Now adding pip to an existing Python install is a little bit fiddly,
2:01 there are a couple of edge cases you need to look out for,
2:05 one resource that I can recommend to learn more
2:07 about how to do this, is the Python packaging guide.
2:11 You can find it at packaging.python.org.
2:15 Let's make sure you're running an up to date version of pip on your system.
2:18 Modern versions of Python will always include the latest pip version
2:22 that came out when the Python release was prepared.
2:25 But, pip and Python are actually fully independent,
2:29 so you can update pip without updating Python for example.
2:33 Depending on the operating system that you're on,
2:36 the steps you need to take to update pip are slightly different.
2:40 On Mac OS and Windows you would typically just use the pip command
2:44 to tell pip to upgrade itself, and I am going to give you
2:47 a live demo of how to do that shortly.
2:50 On a Linux system where you are using the system package manager
2:54 to manage your Python install, you would typically upgrade pip through that,
2:58 so you wouldn't actually use the pip command to upgrade pip
3:01 but you would just tell the system package manager to update your install of pip.
3:06 I am going to give you a live demo of how that upgrade process works.
3:10 So I am back here in my Mac OS terminal
3:14 and I've prepared this command here,
3:17 so I am running this command, sudo pip install --upgrade pip setuptools
3:23 And what this is going to do, it's basically telling pip to upgrade itself.
3:28 Set up tools here is just another dependency for pip
3:31 and part of the package management system in Python.
3:35 So typically, you would update both of them at the same time.
3:38 I am going to go ahead and run this command now,
3:41 so because I am running this with sudo, I need to enter my account password,
3:44 okay, so this worked, and what pip is telling us here is that
3:48 essentially everything is up to date.
3:51 So any time you want to update pip to the latest version in the future,
3:54 you would just rerun that command, and then if there is an update
3:57 pip would install it and upgrade itself to the latest version.