RESTful and HTTP APIs in Pyramid Transcripts
Chapter: Validation with view models
Lecture: Improved car object creation

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0:01 Okay we got our view model working well,
0:04 let's go back and look at one more thing though that was kind of annoying to me;
0:07 if I put something wrong here, watch this—
0:10 500 internal server error, it got an unexpected keyword argument,
0:14 hm, that's not great, where did that come from?
0:18 It turns out if we switch back to PyCharm, that's right here,
0:21 remember I told you this little trick that we did, this */* dict,
0:25 this is not great, if the arguments and the dictionary values
0:30 don't line up precisely, this doesn't work well,
0:33 now you could say Michael, just drop this and do a ** kwargs
0:37 I personally don't like that very much, the reason is
0:40 if I come over here ant type car like this, it will tell me exactly what I need to pass,
0:44 brand, name, price I can even put type annotations, or type hints on there
0:48 if I put ** kwargs all of a sudden it's entirely opaque, what I need to pass,
0:52 that always makes me crazy, I'm not a fan of that
0:55 so I don't want to do that, but I also don't want to do this, ok.
0:58 So let's actually move this car initialization bit out, right
1:04 so for example if I just go and let's just take this out
1:08 this value instead of x damage, we're taking it damage out,
1:12 if I try it'll say missing positional argument damage, right
1:17 well you're supposed to pass a damage and you didn't,
1:20 do we really want a 500 error, or would we much rather,
1:23 I can tend to get a hey you're supposed to pass the damage
1:26 that's a required field, you didn't, right
1:28 so here you have to like know that the initializer
1:31 missing an argument damage meant you probably didn't send it correctly,
1:34 so let's go work on that a little bit,
1:36 so we're going to take this, and say you know what, forget this, this is out,
1:40 an we're going to go put that creation instead of doing this,
1:45 we're just going to put the creation here, say car like that
1:48 and let's actually switch this, say,
1:56 and we could actually push this, we could do this validation here
2:02 a little bit above, so we could do things like this
2:06 I'll go and write this out and then go back over,
2:09 so here you can see that we've pulled these values out
2:12 and then we'll go and put them into the car
2:14 we'll say things like brand, name, price, year, damage
2:20 last seen image and this one does not take an id
2:28 but we could go and pass the id, if it's here,
2:31 so we could say something like car id and it's going to come back none
2:37 like the default value anyway, so we'll pass the car id.
2:41 Now, the problem was, we were trying to call this before we did the validation,
2:45 so let's do this and put it at the bottom,
2:49 so now we've got the values, we're going to validate it,
2:52 and we'll say if not self.errors then we'll go ahead and do this,
2:59 maybe we wrap this around so it's not huge, I don't know
3:04 but only you set this and try to call this function
3:06 if it's all looking as valid as we can tell
3:10 there is probably more validation, in fact his last seen here
3:13 notice right now it's just coming back like this
3:16 but we could do something like this if last seen I want to use another module here
3:21 so we're going to say pip install python dateutil,
3:26 this has a really nice date parsing function, so let's take this and remember
3:33 any time you use something external it has to go over here,
3:37 ok, great, so let's go over here, now it should know
3:41 that we could import dateutil.parser.parse of last seen.
3:47 And that will convert the data, it takes a bunch of different formats and so on.
3:50 Okay, so we could do validation on this
3:53 if we want to make sure that it's not in the future or reasonable somehow
3:57 so Ii think we've done a lot of work here to make this much nicer function
4:02 let's go and run it one more time,
4:04 what do we do, we had sent it without the damage
4:07 now we're not actually checking for damage this time
4:10 we're getting it, but we're using that right here,
4:13 which returns none if it's not there and for damage that's okay.
4:17 Try this again, datetime, okay, now we've got a new problem
4:24 this is an interesting problem just with straight serialization
4:27 because we converted this to the correct type of daytime
4:32 that oddly, is not possible, in json, that's a python thing
4:37 not anything to do with what we're doing here,
4:40 so let's go and we could just say well we ’ ll have to do some work here
4:44 but we actually don't, we just need a different adapter, so this will be nice,
4:48 if we go over here and say look if you see a datetime.datetime
4:52 what I want you to do is go over here and just return the string representation
4:59 I don't think you actually need that, let's put a d for a date,
5:06 isoformat that's what I want,
5:09 so we're going to get the isoformat here, let's just try that again;
5:20 Oh, this is a problem here, the problem is that well that's great,
5:26 this normally would work if we just return the car
5:30 and yeah, we would need to do that here,
5:33 this two dictionary thing, this one we need to go ahead
5:37 and say the year, last seen, we need to go over here and say isoformat like that
5:45 there we go, because we weren't actually,
5:48 because we're returning a response object
5:50 we're not going through the renderer,
5:53 all right, so here you see now we've got our last seen,
5:54 but we're going to parse it back into a real object when we submit it.
5:57 Okay and damage came back as null, let's go over here and say
6:01 what if we don't have the price, remember this was crashing
6:05 and saying actually that may make it worse,
6:07 when we had the x, what that did before was to say
6:10 oh this is a problem, right, you're trying to pass that to a constructor,
6:16 now I realize I made a bit of a validation mistake, over here,
6:19 let's look at it again, as I said, if nothing put a zero,
6:23 because I didn't want the int to crash,
6:25 but let's put negative number so that we have something there,
6:29 alright, let's run it again, now it says, you can't submit your car,
6:32 the price must be non-negative, so if you don't have a price,
6:35 it's just going to tell you it can't be negative, right,
6:38 we could check to see if that exists, create a special error message, and so on,
6:41 we can get the same thing for the year, if we take the name out
6:45 it's going to tell us the name is required, right,
6:47 so let's put all these back the way it was,
6:51 so now you can see we have a much better validation,
6:54 and we did that by moving it all this extra work down into the view model,
6:58 let's grab all of these things, and then we're going to validate them,
7:01 and then we're going to use them to create this stuff,
7:03 if we had left it up here, again, this would like balloon up into a big problem.