Consuming HTTP Services in Python Transcripts
Chapter: Calling SOAP services from Python
Lecture: Introduction to developing with SOAP services

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0:03 So we are in a new place in this course,
0:05 now we've made our way over to the data format section,
0:07 and we are going to be talking about soap clients.
0:10 We are going to see how to consume Soap services from Python,
0:13 and the answer is actually not to bad there, there are some pretty cool projects
0:17 that we are going to be using.
0:19 So I talked at the beginning of this course a little bit about the network,
0:24 the spectrum of network services, and we put Soap in there,
0:28 in the really nice to work with if you have the tooling in some ways
0:32 but also kind of old school and very burningsome if you don't.
0:36 So, I just want to reiterate that, if you get a choice
0:39 between making an http restful service and a Soap service,
0:44 choose the rest service, if you got to consume one,
0:47 choose the rest service but we are going to talk about Soap
0:50 because there are many internal Soap services,
0:53 if you work in large companies, there are probably Soap services all over the place,
0:58 and what you'll learn here is how you can work with the existing code,
1:03 okay, this is not an advocation of Soap,
1:06 this is just a- we live in a world where there used to be many Soap services,
1:10 and you may still run across them so how do we work with them,
1:13 alright, and just to remind you how this went, recall we had this function,
1:16 doubleAnInteger which we were calling on a Soap service,
1:19 and what happens is we come in, we call this function,
1:23 it generates a Soap envelope and the Soap envelope contains things like
1:28 it's going to run, what the values are, and it's very name space laden
1:33 to describe all of its types, so we are going to get a message like this,
1:37 and all of this is really to send two pieces of information,
1:41 we want to call the thing, doubleAnInteger, and we want to pass the number 1, 2, 3,
1:47 the server is going to do the work, it will pull this all apart,
1:50 it will run that operation and it's going to, not surprisingly double that number
1:53 and send the message back that looks similar, like this.
1:56 And here you can see the response came back and the response is 2,4,6.
2:01 Okay, so this is the Soap world, and what are the properties
2:04 benefits and drawbacks really of Soap services, all data is exchanged via http post,
2:11 now on one hand, you might not really care,
2:14 like you might not be really into exactly matching the architecture of the internet and the web,
2:19 and that's fine, but one of the challenges you have with everything
2:23 being tunneled if you will over http post is that nothing is cashable out,
2:28 outside of maybe the server in memory cashing in,
2:32 but the verb post is not cashable and this causes many problems
2:35 on the public internet.
2:38 Next, all the operations target single url, so they might go against server/service
2:42 and then the action header tells you which operation on that service to run,
2:48 so it's not again, just kind of not really working the way the internet works,
2:52 because we're using post, nothing is cashable, xml format
2:56 especially with all those name spaces is really ---
3:01 and we don't want to use it, right, we've seen json as better from a bandwidth perspective,
3:04 better from a human readability perspective and it's just simpler
3:08 for most clients especially Python because dictionaries and json match
3:12 so closely to each other.
3:14 However, with tooling support, Soap does lead to pretty quick development.