Building data-driven web apps with Flask and SQLAlchemy Transcripts
Chapter: Testing web apps
Lecture: Getting started with tests
0:00 Now, it's time to start writing some code
0:01 and getting our tests in place.
0:03 So, let's go and open our new project.
0:06 I've copied this over
0:07 as you can see into Chapter 14 testing.
0:09 We're going to work here.
0:11 Now, probably the first thing that we want to test
0:14 is this register thing.
0:17 We've already talked about that
0:18 it's kind of tricky. I think it's a good example.
0:20 We also have this register_get.
0:23 Now that doesn't really do anything.
0:25 Theoretically, our view model could come up
0:27 with like a list of countries
0:28 and do a bunch of cool stuff to verify that
0:31 it's going to give you drop downs and what not.
0:33 It doesn't do any of that stuff
0:34 So we're not going to test it.
0:35 We also have this index one
0:37 which doesn't really do anything, just verifies the user.
0:39 Now, that would be great, and we can test that.
0:42 But I think the most instructive part will be to test
0:45 this part of our application here.
0:47 Now we have a couple of options.
0:49 Recall, we talked about testing the view model
0:52 that would be this part
0:53 talk to about testing the view method that would be
0:56 directly calling this function.
0:58 And we've also talked about an integration test
1:01 where maybe we fire up the web app
1:02 we issue a request in this URL with a post.
1:06 And it will figure out what parameters
1:08 have to be passed to the method and so on.
1:10 So we're going to start by doing the simple thing
1:12 working with this RegisterViewModel.
1:15 Now, let's get going by creating the section for our tests.
1:18 So, we're going to create a new folder
1:20 for organizing our tests
1:21 as we already talked about, over here.
1:24 I'm going to put it next to our project.
1:28 And in here, again, we're going to do some organizations.
1:31 So I'll have account_tests, plural.
1:33 We're having more than one test.
1:35 Now we could test this with a built in unit test framework
1:38 we could build it, test it with pytest
1:39 we could test it with something like Nose
1:42 or you know, other ones.
1:43 However, in the flask documentation
1:46 all the examples are using pytest.
1:48 So we're going to use pytest as well.
1:51 So, in order to use pytest, we have to install it
1:53 and say that it's a requirement.
1:54 And actually, there's a few things we might want to use.
1:57 So I'm going to come over here.
1:58 And in our development one, this is only for dev
2:02 it's not a production thing.
2:04 I'm going to put 4 libraries, pytest
2:06 pytest-cov, webtest and clarity.
2:09 And then we're going to go down here to the terminal
2:11 and make sure that we pip install those.
2:15 All right, looks like I already have them, that's great.
2:17 So, those are installed for our project and ready for us.
2:21 When we're writing tests with pytest
2:24 what we've got to do is come over here
2:27 and just create a function and has to start with the word
2:29 test_ underscore and be a void method.
2:33 So, we can put whatever what.
2:34 Let's put an example here like this
2:36 and then we could print test test example, like so.
2:41 And then the way you test with pytest is you say assert
2:45 and then you could assert something
2:46 like one plus two equals three.
2:50 Now, how are we going to run it?
2:52 So we come over here and we'll right click
2:54 and we say run, says run pytest in there.
2:56 Now sometimes it won't say that.
2:59 Sometimes it will.
3:00 We run it, looks like it's working great.
3:02 If it doesn't, you can come over here and say Edit
3:04 add Python tests, pytests, and then swipe the script path
3:09 and then script, swipe that.
3:11 Okay, so that's what you could do
3:12 but it looks like it already discovered it for us.
3:14 So here you can see in our example.
3:16 We printed out test example
3:18 and just look at all the results.
3:19 It looks like it passed.
3:20 And you should always verify that if it's not passing
3:23 you're also detecting that.
3:25 So here you go. When I had it wrong, it says it looks like we expected three
3:30 but we got four, not the same.
3:32 Alright, so I'll put this back.
3:34 This is not really our test.
3:35 This is just a super, super simple example to show you
3:37 how to get things set up and running with pytest.
3:40 But I'll go and leave it here
3:41 for since it's a course, I wouldn't leave it in a real lab.