#100DaysOfCode in Python Transcripts
Chapter: Days 76-78: Getting Started with Python Flask
Lecture: Creating your first Flask app!
0:01 Okay with the files created, app.py, data.py,
0:05 and index.html let's get started.
0:08 Now the first thing we need to do as with any application
0:11 is pretty much import any of the modules
0:13 that we're going to use.
0:14 And in this case it's Flask.
0:16 Now Flask has so much to it that, you know,
0:20 it's not really that Pythonic to import everything.
0:24 So we're going to tell our application
0:26 what we're importing here.
0:28 And specifically we want to import Flask itself,
0:31 you know, go figure and we want to install
0:34 the render template.
0:36 Now this is what allows Flask, your flask app.py file
0:40 to communicate and work with your
0:43 index.html Jinja2 template.
0:45 All right, now we need to actually create
0:50 our application, our Flask application object.
0:54 Now everything that runs in your Flask app
0:56 is running pretty much underneath this app
1:00 that you are specifying here.
1:01 Now this name here can be whatever you want, you know,
1:04 so I'm just using app 'cause it's pretty self explanatory.
1:07 Now, we're going to use this name dunder
1:11 to say it's this file, it's this app
1:16 that's going to be assigned to this variable here,
1:18 to this object here all right.
1:21 Next up, and we're almost done actually
1:23 believe it or not, we have to specify
1:27 a function, okay, just ignore that decorator
1:31 for one second, just one second.
1:34 And all right, so this is our index function.
1:39 Now I've named it index because,
1:41 it's going to be the function that
1:43 operates the route directory of our website.
1:46 The forward slash of our website,
1:49 the home page of our website.
1:50 However you want to phrase that.
1:52 Now the app.route decorator, what this does is
1:58 it assigns this path, this route
2:01 according to Flask terminology.
2:04 It assigns this to this function so when you access
2:09 this page, this is the function that's going to run.
2:13 Okay, so now you're starting to visualize how
2:15 everything ties together, all right.
2:17 Now what we need to do is we need to return
2:21 something to send to that page
2:23 and how we're going to do that, well we're going to return.
2:27 Now if we wanted to make this super simple,
2:30 really basic, we could do something like this.
2:34 All right, hello world, now what this is going to do
2:39 is this is going to ignore that index.html file
2:43 because if you, as with anything, we haven't specified
2:47 index.html anywhere in this Flask code, in this Python code.
2:52 So how does this application.py file, app.py,
2:56 how does it know how to talk to that index.html file?
2:59 Well right now it doesn't.
3:00 All that's going to happen when you run this
3:02 is it's going to print hello world
3:05 in the top left hand corner of your page and that's it.
3:09 We don't want to be that boring, well,
3:10 it's going to be that boring but in a different way.
3:13 So what we're going to do
3:16 is we're going to actually tell our Flask application
3:19 that when you get to the route directory
3:23 of your website, you're going to load index.html.
3:30 So now we, anything that this page presents the html
3:34 is going to be in that index.html template, all right.
3:40 You can imagine what we're going to put in there.
3:43 So now the one last thing that we are missing
3:47 is the line of code that actually tells
3:51 our program to run.
3:57 Oh come on, got to get that right.
4:00 This app is this.
4:04 You can see this variable being referenced
4:07 multiple times now.
4:09 Everything is linked together via this object here.
4:13 All right.
4:14 So app.run() if you don't have that,
4:17 if you comment it out, it's not going to work.
4:19 Your website's not going to run
4:21 when this file is invoked, okay.
4:25 So all that's going to happen now when we run
4:27 the website is we're going to hit the route page
4:31 it's going to load that html file, and that's it.
4:36 Nothing will, you'll actually get a blank page
4:38 because we haven't specified what to run, all right.
4:43 So here's our index.html file that we've created.
4:46 I've opened it up in Notepad++
4:48 and all we're going to do is put
4:50 some really basic html in there.
4:53 So never fear if you've never worked with html.
4:56 Let's get this really, really basic.
5:00 Going to open the body tag, I'm going to throw a paragraph
5:03 tag in there and we're going to say, "Hello planet."
5:08 Yeah, let's, let's be slightly different, all right.
5:11 And close the body tag and we're good as gold.
5:18 Now let's actually try and run the app.
5:21 To run it all you actually have to do is
5:23 hop into your command prompt, or whatever you're using,
5:26 and just from your app.py file
5:30 just like any other Python script, python app.py.
5:34 Bang, now this line here tells you the default
5:39 IP address that Flask uses for your website.
5:41 So it's launched the web server and it's going to respond
5:44 on local host 127.0.0.1, port 5000 all right.
5:50 Now that we have port 5000 ready, we'll bring up
5:53 this that, here's one I prepared earlier
5:56 and we're going to hit enter and that's it.
6:00 How simple is that?
6:01 So if you think about it, we've just got
6:03 just a handful of lines of code.
6:06 So you've got a couple of lines
6:08 in the html file, a Jinja2 template,
6:10 and this and that is your Flask website.
6:13 So what I'd like you to do now is have a play with this.
6:17 Just play around with it, that's your day.
6:19 Follow along with the video, run your very first Flask
6:22 website, and see how you go.
6:24 On the next video, we're going to deal
6:26 with some actual data.
6:28 Very exciting.