#100DaysOfCode in Python Transcripts
Chapter: Days 4-6: Collections module
Lecture: Namedtuples: more readable code

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0:00 Get Pythonic with a collections module.
0:03 We are all familiar with dict, list, set, and tuple.
0:05 The collections module
0:07 adds a few other specialized ones that are very useful.
0:12 Let's import the modules we're going to use.
0:20 A namedtuple is a convenient way
0:22 to define a class without methods.
0:24 We all familiar with a normal tuple,
0:28 which you can define with parenthesss,
0:30 and one or more elements.
0:35 The thing with the classic tuple,
0:36 though, is that the order is not
0:38 really meaningful, so if you print
0:43 the user name and the user role,
0:48 user index zero is a user index one,
0:54 and you already notice that the indexing
0:56 is not really saying that much.
0:59 Is there a more readable way
1:00 to define these kinds of tuples?
1:04 And yes, you can use a namedtuple, so let's define one.
1:08 User equals namedtuple, and you give it a name,
1:14 and the fields or arguments it takes, so name and role.
1:22 And let's create a user,
1:27 with user and I give it a name
1:32 Bob and role equals coder.
1:36 The nice thing, then, is that you can
1:38 access the entries like this, instead of
1:41 indexing with zero, one, etc.
1:44 So this is much more meaningful
1:49 And to see that in a print statement.
1:57 So, use namedtuples.
2:00 It's very easy to set up,
2:02 and it definitely makes your code more readable.